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Thursday, January 16 2020
10:55am
Room 1005, Roger A. and Helen B. Krone Engineered Biosystems Building (EBB), 950 Atlantic Dr NW, Atlanta, GA 30332
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Multi-Scale Computational Modeling Connects the Dots Between Muscle Biology, Mechanics, and Medicine

Silvia Salinas Blemker, Ph.D.
Professor
Biomedical Engineering, Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Ophthalmology, and Orthopaedic Surgery
University of Virginia

Abstract
Skeletal muscles are extraordinarily adapted motors that enable us to perform many important functions, from walking to sight to speech. From a basic science perspective, we have a sophisticated understanding of the fundamental biology and mechanics of skeletal muscle.  However, how these fundamentals relate to in vivo function is complex and remains poorly understood, which limits the translation of this basic biology understanding to medicine.  The goal of the Multi-Scale Muscle Mechanophysiology (“M3”) Lab’s research is to develop and experimentally validate multi-scale computational models of skeletal muscle that allow us to relate structure, biology, and function across a range of muscles. We aim apply these models to answering questions related to the role of complex muscle biology and mechanics in a variety of clinical problems.  In this presentation, I will describe these approaches and present some recent examples of how computational models of muscle have led to clinically relevant insights.

Speaker Bio
Silvia Salinas Blemker is a Professor of Biomedical Engineering, with joint appointments in Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, Ophthalmology, and Orthopaedic Surgery, at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, VA, USA.  She obtained her B.S. and M.S. degrees in Biomedical Engineering from Northwestern University and her Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford University.  Before joining the faculty at UVa in 2006, Silvia worked as a post-doctoral Research Associate at Stanford University’s National Center for Biomedical Computation.  At UVA, she leads the Multi-scale Muscle Mechanophysiology Lab (“M3 Lab”).

The M3 lab group develops advanced multi-scale computational and experimental techniques to study skeletal muscle biomechanics and physiology, and they are currently applying these techniques to variety of areas, including speech disorders, movement disorders, vision impairments, muscle atrophy, aging, and muscular dystrophies.  While the work is grounded in biomechanics, it strongly draws from many other fields, including biology, muscle physiology, biomedical computation, continuum mechanics, imaging, and a variety of clinical fields.  The M3 lab is enthusiastic to take part in outreach activities, including having active participation of K-12 teachers in the lab and hosting an annual National Biomechanics Day event locally.   The M3 lab’s research has been funded by several institutes at the National Institutes of Health (NIAMS, NIBIB, NIA, and NIDCD), NASA, the NSF, the Department of Defense, The Hartwell Foundation, the UVA-Coulter Translational Research Partnership, in addition to industry partnerships.  Dr. Blemker has multiple patents pending and recently co-founded Springbok, Inc, a company focused on image-based muscle analytics for a variety of applications from sports medicine to neuromuscular disorders.

Host: Gregory Sawicki

Click images in enlarge.