Friday, February 15 2019
11:00am - 12:00pm
Groseclose 402
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ISyE Statistics Seminar - Yifei Lou

Nonconvex Approaches in Data Science

Abstract: Although “big data” is ubiquitous in data science, one often faces challenges of “small data,” as the amount of data that can be taken or transmitted is limited by technical or economic constraints. To retrieve useful information from the insufficient amount of data, additional assumptions on the signal of interest are required, e.g. sparsity (having only a few non-zero elements). Conventional methods favor incoherent systems, in which any two measurements are as little correlated as possible. In reality, however, many problems are coherent.  I will present two nonconvex approaches: one is the difference of the L1 and L2 norms and the other is the ratio of the two. The difference model works particularly well in the coherent regime, while the ratio is a scale-invariant metric that works better when underlying signals have large fluctuations in non-zero values. Various numerical experiments have demonstrated advantages of the proposed methods over the state-of-the-art. Applications, ranging from super-resolution to low-rank approximation, will be discussed.

 

Bio: Yifei Lou has been an Assistant Professor in the Mathematical Sciences Department, University of Texas Dallas, since 2014. She received her Ph.D. in Applied Math from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) in 2010. After graduation, she was a postdoctoral fellow at the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology, followed by another postdoc training at the Department of Mathematics, University of California Irvine from 2012-2014. Her research interests include compressive sensing and its applications, image analysis (medical imaging, hyperspectral, imaging through turbulence), and (nonconvex) optimization algorithms.